The systematic Christian angelic hierarchy was designed by Pesudo-Dionysius the Aeropagite in the 4th or 5th century in his book, De Coelesti Hierarchia. The prefix hier means ‘sacred’, rather than ‘higher’, but this system does describe some angels being closer to God than others and therefore may be understood to have ‘higher’ status.
This scheme of layered celestial characters has been highly influential in the Christian church. It was popular and accepted as theological fact during the life of the 11th-century German Abbess Hildegarde of Bingen, who painted visions of the hierarchies and composed music according to aural inspiration.
if you are interested in how angels might be quarks, I recommend The Physics of Angels: Exploring the Realm Where Science and Spirit Meet by Rupert Sheldrake and Matthew Fox . Rupert also has Youtube content on the topic of angels (mostly just as audio but you might like to check them out.)
A Jewish perspective, offered by the mediaeval philosopher Moses Maimonides (1138–1204), includes ten levels of celestial beings – the Tree of Life has ten sefirot. You can see how high the erelim, the hosts of Raziel, are on this list. The Angel of Secrets is based on Jewish mysticism, so this is the celestial map I am using. Maimonides makes reference to prophetic visions to support his scheme: